1. Physical Development
At 10 years old, most children should be able to walk, run and jump easily, as well as skip and hop on one foot. Gross motor skills should include the ability to pedal a bike, throw and catch a ball with accuracy and swim proficiently. Fine motor skills should include the ability to write neatly with a pencil, cut with scissors, and complete puzzles.
2. Cognitive Development
At 10 years old, most children should have the ability to compare and contrast concepts and demonstrate reasoning skills such as problem-solving and hypothesizing. They should be able to think abstractly and understand multiple points of view on a single topic. Many 10-year-olds will also begin to show an interest in more complex topics including science, mathematics, and history.
3. Emotional/Social Development
Most 10-year-olds should be able to empathize with others, admit when they are wrong, take responsibility for their actions, and develop a sense of morality. They should know right from wrong and understand basic social cues such as when to speak or be quiet in different situations. 10-year-olds should form lasting friendships and demonstrate the ability to share, compromise and respect other peoples’ views.
4. Language/Communication Skills
At 10 years old, most children should have a large vocabulary and complex sentence structure. They should understand figurative language such as similes, metaphors, hyperboles, and idioms and be able to effectively express their thoughts and feelings through speaking and writing.
5. Self-Care and Independence
Most 10-year-olds should be able to independently dress, brush their teeth, bathe themselves, and tie their shoelaces without assistance from an adult. They should also know how to keep themselves safe from potential hazards and take responsibility for their own health and well-being.
6. Personal Safety Awareness
Most 10-year-olds should be aware of basic safety rules including not talking to strangers, how to cross a street safely, and the importance of wearing a seatbelt in cars. They may also understand more complex concepts such as internet safety, first aid basics, and respecting personal space.
7. Academic Performance and Interests
At 10 years old, most children will start to show an interest in particular subject areas or activities that they enjoy or excel at. This could include reading, creative writing, maths, or science projects. They should be able to complete assigned tasks with minimal supervision and demonstrate good organizational skills for homework assignments.
8. Creative Expression
At 10 years old, most children should have the ability to use their imagination to express themselves through art, music, or dance. They may also develop an interest in writing stories, playing instruments, or engaging in other creative activities.
9. Physical Activity and Motor Skills
Most 10-year-olds should be able to successfully participate in various physical activities such as football, swimming, tennis, and basketball. They should demonstrate a good balance of cardio and strength training exercises and understand the importance of staying active for good health.
10. Executive Functioning Skills
At age 10, most children should begin to develop executive functioning skills such as organization, planning, and time management. They will know how to prioritize tasks and use effective strategies to complete projects in a timely manner. They should also be able to manage their emotions and control impulsive behavior.
11. Social Interactivity and Relating with Peers
Most 10-year-olds should be able to successfully interact with their peers and form positive relationships. They should demonstrate the ability to understand social cues, respect other people’s views, build trust, and show empathy towards others. They should also know how to handle conflicts and disagreements in a constructive manner.
12. Problem-Solving and Conflict Resolution
At 10 years old, most children should be able to solve simple problems on their own and use critical thinking skills when faced with a challenge. They should also understand the importance of compromising in difficult situations and know how to resolve conflicts without resorting to violence or aggression. They may even be able to come up with creative solutions and effective strategies for resolving disagreements.