1. Vocabulary Expansion
-By the age of four, children should demonstrate a significant increase in their vocabulary, and understanding, and use a wide range of words.
They should be able to name common objects, describe their functions, and express their thoughts more precisely.
2. Sentence Complexity
- Four-year-olds should exhibit the ability to construct longer and more complex sentences.
They should be capable of using conjunctions (e.g., "and," "but," and "because") to connect ideas and express relationships between different parts of a sentence.
3. Narrative Skills
- Children at this age should demonstrate improved storytelling abilities, constructing coherent narratives with a clear beginning, middle, and end.
They should be able to incorporate descriptive details, dialogue, and sequential events into their stories.
4. Grammar and Syntax
- Four-year-olds should show an understanding of basic grammar rules and use them correctly.
They should be able to use plurals (e.g., adding "s" or "es" to words), use pronouns (e.g., "he," "she," "it"), and apply verb tense appropriately.
5. Asking and Answering Questions
-At this stage, children should be skilled at asking and answering a variety of questions, including who, what, when, where, why, and how questions.
They should be able to understand and respond to questions that require reasoning and critical thinking.
6. Pronunciation and Clarity
- Four-year-olds should have clear and intelligible speech.
They should pronounce most sounds correctly, including more complex consonant blends (e.g., "bl," "gr," "st").
7. Conversational Skills
- Children should demonstrate the ability to engage in conversations, take turns, and stay on topic.
They should be able to listen attentively to others and respond appropriately, contributing to the flow of a conversation.
8. Understanding and Following Directions
- Four-year-olds should understand and follow increasingly complex instructions.
They should be able to comprehend and carry out multi-step instructions (e.g., "Pick up your toys, put them in the box, and then bring the box to me").
9. Phonological Awareness
- Children at this age should exhibit an awareness of sounds in words.
They should be able to identify and generate rhyming words, recognize syllables, and manipulate sounds within words.
10. Social Language Skills
- Four-year-olds should demonstrate improved social language skills, such as greeting others, taking turns during play, and expressing their feelings appropriately.
They should show an understanding of social cues and norms in conversation and interactions with peers and adults.