1. Perform a physical examination.
The first step in the sepsis bundle is to perform a physical examination. This helps hospital staff identify any signs or symptoms of sepsis. Patients with sepsis may have a fever, rapid heart rate, and low blood pressure. They may also look pale or sweaty.
2. Order lab tests.
The second step is to order lab tests. Lab tests can help hospital staff identify the cause of the infection. They can also help determine which antibiotics are most effective in treating sepsis.
3. Administer antibiotics.
The third step is to administer antibiotics. Antibiotics help kill the bacteria that are causing the infection. They also help reduce the risk of organ damage and death.
4. Manage blood pressure and circulation.
The fourth step is to manage blood pressure and circulation. Patients with sepsis often have low blood pressure and poor circulation. Hospital staff can help improve these conditions by administering medication and fluids intravenously.
5. Control infection.
The fifth step is to control infection. This includes using IV antibiotics, cleaning any open wounds, and providing respiratory support if needed. It’s important to control the infection as quickly as possible to prevent it from spreading throughout the body.
6. Support the patient's vital signs.
The sixth step is to support the patient's vital signs. Patients with sepsis often have a fever, rapid heart rate, and low blood pressure. Hospital staff can help improve these conditions by administering medication and fluids intravenously.
7. Assess for complications.
The seventh step is to assess for complications. Complications of sepsis can include organ damage, shock, and even death. Hospital staff should closely monitor patients for these complications and provide treatment as needed.
8. Discharge planning.
The eighth and final step is discharge planning. This includes making sure the patient has a follow-up appointment with their primary care provider and providing them with information on how to prevent sepsis in the future.