### 1. Understand basic number operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division).

Critical skill for 6th graders to develop in math. Addition involves combining two or more numbers together to get a total. Subtraction means taking away one number from another to find the difference. Multiplication requires multiplying two or more numbers together to get a product. Division means dividing one number by another to find the quotient.

### 2. Be able to work with fractions, including adding and subtracting fractions and converting between decimals and fractions.

Students need to be able to add and subtract fractions with different denominators, as well as convert decimals into fractions and vice versa.

### 3. Know how to solve basic linear equations.

Linear equations are two-variable equations that can be solved using addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division. Students should understand how to identify the variables in an equation, solve for one of the variables, and substitute it back into the equation to find the solution.

### 4. Understand geometry concepts such as points, lines, angles, triangles, and quadrilaterals.

Geometry is an important part of mathematics in 6th grade. Students should understand key terms like point (a location on a coordinate plane), line (a straight path connecting two points), angle (a measure of a turn between two lines or planes), triangle (a three-sided shape), and quadrilateral (a four-sided shape). They should also be able to identify different types of triangles and quadrilaterals such as equilateral, isosceles, scalene, rhombus, parallelogram and trapezoid.

### 5. Be proficient in working with statistics and probability, including calculating mean, median, mode, range and standard deviation; and using the normal distribution curve.

Statistics allow us to analyze data and make predictions about future events. 6th graders should understand basic concepts like mean (average), median (midpoint of a data set), mode (most common value in a data set), range (difference between the highest and lowest values of a data set), and standard deviation (a measure of the spread of a data set). They should also be able to interpret the normal distribution curve.

### 6. Have a strong foundation in algebra skills including solving equations and graphing linear equations.

Algebra is an important aspect of mathematics that builds on basic arithmetic skills. Algebra is an integral part of mathematics in 6th grade. Students should be able to solve equations involving one or two variables, as well graph lines on the coordinate plane to represent linear equations.

### 7. Understand basic concepts of geometry such as points, lines, angles, triangles and quadrilaterals.

Geometry is an important part of mathematics in 6th grade. Students should understand key terms like point (a location on a coordinate plane), line (a straight path connecting two points), angle (a measure of a turn between two lines or planes), triangle (a three-sided shape), and quadrilateral (a four-sided shape). They should also be able to identify different types of triangles and quadrilaterals such as equilateral, isosceles, scalene, rhombus, parallelogram and trapezoid.

### 8. Know how to calculate the surface area and volume of three-dimensional shapes.

Surface area and volume are important concepts in understanding geometry. 6th graders should be able to calculate the surface area and volume of three-dimensional shapes such as cubes, rectangular prisms, cylinders, and pyramids. They should also understand how to solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of volumes and surface areas.

### 9. Be able to solve word problems involving basic number operations, fractions and geometry concepts.

This task requires an understanding of multiple mathematical topics and the ability to apply them to a given problem. The individual must be able to take the information presented in a word problem, understand what is being asked, and identify what pieces.

### 10. Recognize geometric transformations (reflection, rotation, translation).

This task requires an understanding of basic geometric principles and the ability to identify shapes that have undergone transformations such as reflection, rotation, and translation. This can include recognizing and identifying shapes that were moved or rotated in a certain direction.