1. Cockpit Pre-flight:
This is the first step of the checklist and involves ensuring that all essential systems are in working order before take-off. This includes checking fuel, flaps, and other system settings. All instruments should be checked for accuracy and any discrepancies noted. Lights should be tested, including the navigation lights, landing lights, and strobe lights.
2. Cockpit Preparation:
This step involves making sure the cockpit is setup for the flight. This includes ensuring all necessary charts, documents and manuals are loaded into the Flight Management System (FMS), setting up the navigation radios, and configuring auto throttle settings. This also ensures that any relevant airspace considerations such as obstacles or restricted areas are taken into account.
3. FCU/EFIS Setup:
The Flight Control Unit (FCU) and Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) should be set up to reflect the desired route for the flight. This will include selecting altitudes, waypoints and airways to be flown along with other parameters such as airspeed and altitude restrictions.
4. Start-Up Preparation:
This step involves bringing the aircraft to a ready state for engine start-up. This includes setting the trim, flaps, spoilers, and other settings according to the flight profile. The fuel system should also be checked to ensure that it is primed and ready to go.
This step involves turning on all essential systems such as navigation radios and selecting any required navigation aids or frequencies as well as checking engine instruments before engaging the engines and confirming that they are running smoothly with no irregularities noted.
6. Before Taxi:
Before taxiing, pilots must confirm that the aircraft is in a safe condition for movement and all necessary instruments are working properly. This includes ensuring that the brakes, hydraulics, and anti-skid systems are functioning correctly. Also, the navigation radios should be tuned in to the appropriate frequencies for departure and any other relevant airspace considerations taken into account.
7. Before Take-Off:
This step involves ensuring that all vital pre-departure checks have been completed such as confirming that there is enough fuel for the flight, checking engine parameters are within accepted limits, verifying weight and balance calculations, setting proper trim settings for take off and confirming final speed restrictions before commencing take off roll.
Once on the runway pilots must monitor engine instruments closely to ensure that all systems are functioning correctly. They also need to check the airspeed indicator and verify that it is within acceptable limits for take-off. Once these checks are complete, the aircraft can begin its take off roll and leave the runway.
9. Ater Take-off:
After takeoff pilots must monitor their instruments closely to ensure they maintain a safe altitude and speed as well as making sure all navigation radios are set to the appropriate frequencies for en route navigation. The autopilot should also be engaged once a safe altitude has been reached.
This step involves monitoring engine parameters closely and ensuring that the aircraft is climbing at an acceptable rate while maintaining a safe altitude and speed as well as verifying that the autopilot is functioning correctly.
Once a safe altitude and speed have been reached, pilots must verify that all navigation radios are set to their appropriate frequencies and ensure the autopilot is engaged and controlling the aircraft’s heading, altitude and speed. The flight management system should also be monitored closely during this phase of flight.
Before beginning descent, pilots must ensure that their route has been plotted on the FMS as well as setting up any necessary navigation aids or frequencies for en route descent. During this stage of flight they also need to keep an eye on engine parameters while verifying that airspeed remains within acceptable limits throughout the descent. They may also need to adjust the autopilot settings if necessary.
13. Standard ILS Approach:
Standard ILS approaches involve setting up the navigation radios for an appropriate approach as well as confirming that any necessary navigation aids are functioning correctly. Pilots must then set the autopilot to a specific heading and altitude in order to intercept the localizer and glideslope, while monitoring engine parameters throughout the descent.
14. RNAV Approach:
RNAV approaches involve setting up the navigation radios for an appropriate approach as well as confirming that any necessary navigation aids are functioning correctly. Pilots must then set the autopilot to a specific heading and altitude in order to intercept the desired path, while monitoring engine parameters throughout the descent.
15. Visual Approach:
Visual approaches involve setting up the navigation radios for an appropriate approach as well as confirming that any necessary navigation aids are functioning correctly. Pilots must then assess the external environment in order to locate the runway and ensure they can maintain visual contact with it throughout the descent. They should also adjust the autopilot settings in order to intercept the desired path, while monitoring engine parameters throughout the descent.
Before landing pilots must check their navigation radios frequency, verify that all instruments are working properly and confirm that proper trim settings have been entered into the flight management system (FMS). They should also be prepared to adjust their heading, speed or altitude if required by air traffic control or weather conditions. Once on final approach, pilots must lower the landing gear and begin flaring prior to touchdown.
In the event of an abnormal approach or missed landing, pilots must execute a go-around procedure. This involves increasing power and adjusting the aircraft’s attitude and heading in order to gain altitude as well as flaring to maintain a nose-high attitude until positive climb is established. The navigation radios should also be reset for another approach if needed.
18. After Landing:
Once the aircraft has stopped on the runway, pilots must ensure that all necessary navigation radios are set to their appropriate frequencies and disengage the autopilot. They should also perform a post-landing check of instruments and systems in order to verify that the aircraft is ready for taxi and ground operations. Finally, they must complete any required paperwork before disembarking from the aircraft.
After the aircraft has been parked, pilots must shut down all systems and secure the cockpit. This involves setting all navigation radios to their appropriate frequencies, turning off non-essential electrical systems and checking that all switches are in the appropriate positions. Pilots should also ensure that any high visibility items such as laptops or paperwork are secured prior to exiting the aircraft. Finally, they should perform a post flight check of instruments and systems in order to verify that the aircraft has been properly shut down.
20. Securing Aircraft:
Once the aircraft has been shut down, pilots must secure the aircraft. This involves checking all doors and hatches to ensure they are properly secured and setting the anti-theft system (if applicable). Pilots should also check that all high visibility items such as laptops or paperwork are accounted for and stowed away before leaving the aircraft. Finally, they should perform a post flight check of instruments and systems in order to verify that the aircraft has been properly secured.