1. Identification of sensitive data:
This involves pinpointing data that requires protection, such as personal, financial, or proprietary information, to ensure it is adequately secured.
2. Review of compliance requirements:
This item checks for adherence to legal and regulatory standards that the application must meet, such as GDPR, HIPAA, or PCI-DSS.
3. Analysis of user access controls:
Evaluating the mechanisms in place for user authentication and authorization to ensure only the right individuals can access certain data or features.
4. Evaluation of data encryption methods:
This ensures that data is encrypted both at rest and in transit, providing a layer of security against unauthorized access or breaches.
5. Assessment of application architecture:
Examining the structural design of the application to identify any potential security weaknesses or points of failure.
6. Examination of third-party services integration:
Reviewing all external services or APIs the application relies on to ensure they do not introduce vulnerabilities.
7. Inspection of error handling and logging procedures:
Ensuring that the application handles errors securely without exposing sensitive information and that logs are maintained for monitoring and forensics.
8. Verification of data backup and recovery plans:
Confirming that there are robust backup and recovery procedures in place to handle data loss or corruption scenarios.
9. Testing of security patches and updates:
Regularly checking and applying updates to the application and its components to protect against known vulnerabilities.
10. Review of incident response plan:
Evaluating the preparedness of the organization to respond to security incidents effectively and minimize damage.