1. Review organizational policies and procedures
An organization's policies and procedures should be reviewed in order to ensure that they are up-to-date and relevant. They should also be consistent with best practices in the industry.
2. Review accounting systems and records
An organization's accounting systems and records should be reviewed to ensure that they are complete and accurate. This includes reviewing transactions, account balances, and financial statements.
3. Verify the completeness and accuracy of financial statements
Financial statements should be verified to ensure that they are complete and accurate. This includes reviewing account balances, revenue, and expenses.
4. Assess the internal control structure
An organization's internal control structure should be assessed to ensure that it is effective in mitigating risk. This may include reviewing the design of controls, their implementation, and their operating effectiveness.
5. Test cash controls
Cash controls should be tested to ensure that they are effective in preventing and detecting fraud. This may include testing the authorization of transactions, the segregation of duties, and the reconciliation of account balances.
6. Evaluate management's ability to assess and respond to risk
Management's ability to assess and respond to risk should be evaluated in order to determine if they are taking appropriate steps to mitigate risk. This may include assessing risk appetite, identifying potential risks, and implementing risk response plans.
7. Investigate unusual transactions
Unusual transactions should be investigated in order to determine if they are indicative of fraud or other irregularities. This may include looking into large or sudden changes in account balances or revenue levels.
8. Determine compliance with laws and regulations
Compliance with laws and regulations should be determined in order to reduce the risk of regulatory noncompliance penalties. This may include reviews of anti-money laundering procedures, data privacy policies, and tax filing processes.
9. Review management's financial reporting practices
Management's financial reporting practices should be reviewed in order to assess whether they accurately reflect the organization's financial condition. This may include reviews of management's use of estimates, disclosure decisions, and presentation choices.
10. Evaluate the organization's overall fiscal health
The overall fiscal health of an organization should be evaluated in order to make informed decisions about its future prospects. This may include reviews of financial ratios, liquidity levels, and solvency measures.