1. Vocabulary development:
Building a strong foundation of vocabulary is essential for both BICS and CALP. Ensure that learners are exposed to a variety of words and phrases relevant to everyday life and academic subjects.
2. Sentence structure and grammar:
A grasp of proper sentence structure and grammar is crucial for clear communication. Focus on correct syntax and grammatical rules in both spoken and written language.
3. Social language skills:
Teach students how to engage in social interactions politely, including greetings, farewells, and expressions of gratitude. Encourage them to practice these skills in real-life scenarios.
4. Comprehension of everyday spoken language:
Ensure learners can understand and respond appropriately to everyday conversations, instructions, and questions in the target language.
5. Fluency in conversational language:
Promote the ability to communicate fluently in everyday situations, emphasizing fluidity, natural speech patterns, and the use of idiomatic expressions.
6. Academic vocabulary acquisition:
Help students acquire specialized vocabulary relevant to their academic studies, such as scientific terms, mathematical concepts, and literary terminology.
7. Reading comprehension:
Assess and develop reading comprehension skills by focusing on the ability to understand and analyze complex texts, both fiction and non-fiction.
8. Writing proficiency:
Encourage the development of writing skills, including the ability to compose coherent essays, reports, and other academic documents.
9. Critical thinking and problem-solving in the target language:
Challenge learners to think critically and solve problems in the target language, promoting cognitive academic language proficiency.
10. Participation in complex discussions and debates:
Facilitate opportunities for students to engage in deep discussions, debates, and presentations on academic topics, enhancing their CALP.