1. Scene Safety Assessment:
Before initiating any medical intervention, ensure that the scene is safe for both the patient and the rescuer. Remove potential hazards if possible.
2. Patient Responsiveness Check:
Gently tap the patient and shout, "Are you okay?" to assess their responsiveness. If the patient does not respond, proceed to the next steps.
3. Activation of Emergency Services:
Dial 911 or call for emergency medical assistance immediately to ensure professional help is on the way.
4. Airway Assessment and Clearing:
Open the patient's airway by tilting their head back and lifting their chin. Remove any visible obstructions from the mouth or throat.
5. Initiation of Chest Compressions:
Begin high-quality chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute, ensuring proper depth and recoil.
6. Use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED):
If available, use an AED to assess and potentially shock the patient's heart rhythm.
7. Ventilation through Rescue Breaths:
Administer rescue breaths, if trained, to ensure adequate oxygenation and ventilation.
8. Monitoring and Assessing the Patient's Condition:
Continuously monitor the patient's vital signs and reassess their condition at regular intervals.
9. Administering Medications or Specialized Treatments (if applicable):
If authorized and trained, administer medications or specialized treatments as indicated by the patient's medical history.
10. Ongoing Support and Coordination with Advanced Life Support (ALS) Providers:
Maintain communication with ALS providers upon their arrival, providing them with vital information and assistance as needed.