1. Establish rules and expectations for class discussions:
Before beginning a class discussion, it is important to set clear and concise rules and expectations. These should be discussed with the students beforehand to ensure everyone is aware of what will be expected of them during the discussion. The teacher should establish guidelines such as one person speaking at a time and no distracting behavior.
2. Give each student an opportunity to share their thoughts:
The teacher should make sure all students have the opportunity to contribute to the discussion by asking them questions, encouraging them to provide their own insights, and open up a dialogue with other students on the topic at hand.
3. Encourage all students to listen actively:
Listening is an essential part of a successful class discussion as it allows for understanding and respect for different opinions and points of view. It also allows for clarification of any misunderstandings or miscommunication from one student to another during the conversation. The teacher should encourage active listening by regularly checking in with the group, summarizing key points, and reinforcing what has already been discussed.
4. Respect the opinions of others, even if they differ from your own:
It is important to respect different opinions and perspectives during a class discussion. The teacher should ensure that all students understand the importance of accepting one another’s views, even if they do not agree with them.
5. Allow students time to think through their responses before speaking:
In order for each student to participate fully in the discussion, they should be given adequate time to form their thoughts and articulate them clearly. This will also help to ensure that no one is talking over or interrupting another person during the conversation.
6. Make sure everyone understands the topic at hand:
Before beginning a discussion, it is important for the teacher to ensure that all students have a solid understanding of the topic being discussed. This may involve reviewing any prior materials, summarizing key points or providing additional resources as needed.
7. Stay on topic and avoid digressing from the main discussion points:
During class discussions, it is important to stay focused on the original discussion topic and not get sidetracked by irrelevant topics or unnecessary details. The teacher should be aware of potential tangents, questions and off-topic conversations that can arise during the conversation, and guide the group back onto track if necessary.
8. Use evidence and examples to support your arguments:
In order to make sure each student’s point is valid, they should provide evidence or relevant examples to back up their arguments. This can help to ensure that each point is valid and clear and can be used as a reference for future discussions.
9. Avoid interruptions and talking out of turn:
It is important to maintain a respectful atmosphere during class discussions, which means avoiding any kind of interruption or talking out of turn. This can be achieved by allowing all students the opportunity to speak without being interrupted, refraining from making personal judgements or criticisms, and encouraging others to express their thoughts before responding with your own opinion.
10. Be aware of your body language and tone of voice when speaking:
It is also important to remember that the way you say something is just as important as what you are saying. Being conscious of your body language and tone of voice when speaking will help to ensure that everyone feels respected and all points are considered. This can be achieved by maintaining eye contact, using a calm and open tone, and focusing on the topic being discussed rather than attacking someone’s opinion.