1. Check the electrical system, including all connections and plugs for corrosion or damage.
When inspecting the electrical systems of a crane, it is important to look for signs of corrosion or damage. It is essential to check connectors, sockets, and other electrical components to make sure they are in good condition. Any exposed wiring should be checked to confirm that it is insulated and free of any cracks, tears, or other damage.
2. Inspect the crane’s structural components for signs of wear, fatigue, or other visible damage.
A daily inspection of a crane is necessary to identify any potential issues with its structural components. This may include checking for signs of wear and fatigue on load-bearing parts such as the mainframe and boom. Cracks in welds should also be checked and replaced if necessary.
3. Test safety brakes to ensure they are functioning correctly.
Safety brakes are one of the most important safety features on a crane and must be inspected regularly to make sure they are functioning correctly. It is important to check that all brake pads are in good condition with no sign of wear or tear and that they are properly adjusted.
4. Ensure that all load-bearing areas are in good condition with no stress points or cracks present.
The load-bearing areas of a crane should be inspected to identify any potential stress points or cracks. This includes checking the main frame, boom, girders, sheaves, and other components which support the load being lifted. Any signs of damage should be noted and addressed immediately as these can cause failure if left unchecked.
5. Check hoist chains and cables for any kinks, twists, or missing wires.
Hoist chains and cables must be regularly inspected for any signs of kinking, twisting, or missing wires. A damaged cable is a significant hazard and therefore must be replaced immediately.
6. Confirm that boom angles are correct and within an acceptable range.
When inspecting the crane, it is important to check the boom angles to make sure they are in line with manufacturer specifications and within an acceptable range. If a crane has been used for extended periods of time, it may suffer from extreme wear which could reduce its operational efficiency if left unchecked.
7. Visually inspect connecting pins on the frame and attachments to confirm they have not been weakened over time.
Connecting pins on frames and attachments can become weakened over time due to wear or corrosion, so these should be inspected regularly for any signs of damage or failure. Any damaged pins should be replaced as soon as possible.
8. Monitor fluid levels in hydraulic systems.
Hydraulic systems are essential components of any crane and must be monitored to ensure they are performing correctly. This includes checking the level of any fluids such as oil or coolant and inspecting hoses, lines, and seals for signs of leakage. If a hydraulic system is found to be faulty, it should be repaired or replaced immediately.
9. Make sure pulleys, sheaves, and bearings are properly greased.
Pulleys, sheaves, and bearings require regular lubrication to keep them running smoothly and prevent premature wear or damage. Greasing these components can help prolong the life of the crane and reduce the risk of failure during operation.
10. Look over counterweight assembly to ensure it is securely attached.
The counterweight assembly must be checked to make sure it is securely attached and that all bolts, pins, and clips are in place. This will help ensure the crane is safe and stable during operation. If any of these parts are missing or damaged, they should be replaced immediately.
11. Examine main wire rope spooling to identify any broken strands.
The main wire rope spooling should be examined to identify any broken strands or other signs of wear. This is a critical component of the crane and must be in good condition for it to function properly. Any damaged parts should be replaced before using the crane again.
12. Test emergency stop switches regularly to ensure they are working correctly.
Emergency stop switches should be tested regularly to make sure they are functioning properly. This is essential for any crane as it allows the operator to quickly shut down the machine in case of an emergency. It is also important to ensure that all other safety features such as alarms or warning lights are working correctly.
13. Check cab controls such as joysticks, throttle lever, etc. for any visible defects or damage.
The cab controls must be inspected regularly to ensure they are in good working order. This includes checking joysticks, throttle lever, and other components for any visible defects or damage. Any faulty parts should be replaced immediately to avoid unexpected accidents or malfunctions during operation.
14. Test for proper operation of all audible and visual warning devices.
Visual and audible warning devices such as alarms or lights must be tested to ensure they are working correctly. This is important in order to alert the operator of any potential hazards or malfunctions in time for them to take corrective action. If any of these devices are found to be faulty, they should be repaired or replaced immediately.
15. Inspect the tires and tracks for wear, cracks, and other signs of deterioration.
The tires and tracks of a crane must be inspected regularly for signs of wear, cracks, and other damage. If any defects are found, they should be repaired or replaced before using the crane again. This will help ensure that the machine is safe and reliable during operation.