1. Perform hand hygiene:
Hand hygiene is one of the most important steps in preventing the spread of infection, and it should be performed whenever PPE (personal protective equipment) is put on or taken off. This includes washing hands with soap and water, using an alcohol-based hand sanitiser, or using disposable gloves and wipes.
2. Put on shoe covers (if applicable):
Shoe covers can provide an extra layer of protection against contaminates, so they should always be worn when entering a healthcare setting. The shoe covers should fit snugly over the shoes and be securely fastened with tape or elastic.
3. Put on gown:
Gowns are used to protect clothing from coming into contact with body fluids or other contaminants. They should fit properly and be secured at the neck and waist with ties, tapes, or other fasteners. Gowns should also be long enough to cover the entire torso and arms down to the wrists.
4. Put on mask/respirator (if applicable):
Masks and respirators should be worn when entering a healthcare setting or providing patient care. They should fit properly around the face and nose, with no gaps between the skin and mask. The type of mask/respirator that is used will depend on the task being performed.
5. 5. Put on eye protection (if applicable):
Eye protection should be worn whenever there is a risk of exposure to body fluids, aerosols, splashes, or other contaminants. This includes wearing goggles or face shields over glasses, if necessary. Eye protection should fit snugly against the face and provide full coverage from brow to chin.
6. Put on gloves:
Gloves are an essential piece of PPE when providing patient care or handling body fluids. They should fit properly and be changed between patients, if necessary. Gloves should also be inspected for tears or holes before use to ensure that they provide adequate protection.
7. Remove shoe covers (if applicable):
Shoe covers should be removed as soon as possible after leaving the patient’s room or area. Peel off the shoe cover using an appropriate technique to prevent contamination of clothing or hands. Dispose of used shoe covers in a designated hazardous waste container.
8. Remove gown and gloves together:
Gowns and gloves should always be removed together to avoid contaminating any part of the body with potentially infectious material from the patient's room or area. To remove, grasp the outside of both gloves with one hand and the outside of the gown with the other, then pull them off together.
9. Remove eye protection (if applicable):
Eye protection should be removed by carefully peeling away from forehead to chin without touching any part of the face. Dispose of used eye protection in a designated hazardous waste container.
10. Remove mask/respirator (if applicable):
Masks and respirators should be removed carefully to avoid contaminating the face or eyes with potentially infectious material. Peel the mask away from the face and discard in a designated hazardous waste container.