1. Vehicle safety inspection
Transportation companies are required to inspect their vehicles before every trip. The inspection checklist should include items such as tires, brakes, and oil levels.
2. Driver safety
Drivers need to be aware of safe driving practices to help keep themselves and others safe while on the road. This includes things like wearing a seatbelt and not texting while driving.
3. Cargo securement
Cargo needs to be secured properly in order to avoid it from shifting around during transit. This can help prevent injuries or accidents.
4. Emergency preparedness
Trucks and buses should be equipped with emergency supplies in case of an emergency situation. This could include things like first aid kits and flares.
5. Hazardous materials transportation
Companies that transport hazardous materials need to follow specific safety regulations. This includes making sure the material is properly labeled and taking additional precautions during transport.
6. Hours of service
Drivers are limited to how many hours they can drive in a day and week. This helps ensure that they are not fatigued while on the road.
7. Passenger protection
Passengers should be protected from potential hazards during transit. This could include things like seat belts and shatter-resistant windows.
8. Roadside inspections
DOT roadside inspections are conducted regularly to ensure that transportation companies are following all safety regulations. Companies that do not pass the inspection may face penalties.
9. Driver qualifications
Drivers must meet certain qualifications in order to transport passengers or hazardous materials. They must also have a valid driver's license and be familiar with the area they are travelling in.
10. Controlled substances and alcohol use
Drivers are not allowed to use alcohol or drugs while driving a commercial vehicle.