The ability to make smooth and safe turns is one of the most important skills for drivers. When making a turn, drivers should be aware of traffic signs and signals, as well as other drivers in the area. It is important to brake smoothly and accelerate gradually when turning so that other drivers can anticipate when you will turn. It is also important to be aware of who has the right of way, and use appropriate signaling when turning onto a two-way road or in an intersection with other vehicles.
2. Braking smoothly:
When approaching an obstacle or another vehicle on the roadway, it is essential for drivers to brake smoothly and gradually, allowing enough time for other cars to respond. By braking smoothly, drivers will maintain control over their vehicles and ensure that they can come to a complete stop safely.
3. Accelerating smoothly:
Accelerating smoothly is just as important as braking. By doing so, drivers can maintain control of their vehicles and accelerate at a comfortable speed that allows them to safely navigate the roadway.
4. Approaching intersections controlled by stop signs or lights:
When approaching an intersection with traffic lights or stop signs, it is essential for drivers to be aware of the color and type of traffic signal, as well as any other vehicles in the area. Drivers should also look carefully for pedestrians who may be crossing the street or cyclists on their bikes that may not be visible from a distance.
5. Determining right of way:
In many intersections with multiple lanes, it can be difficult to determine who has the right of way. Drivers should pay attention to traffic signs, signals and other drivers in the area to make sure everyone is safe.
6. Single-lane and multi-lane roadways (low speeds):
When driving on single-lane or multi-lane roads, it is important for drivers to be aware of their surroundings and maintain a low speed. Drivers should keep an appropriate distance from other vehicles, signal when changing lanes and maintain control over the vehicle at all times.
7. Changing lanes and how to merge into traffic safely:
When changing lanes or merging onto a highway, it is important for drivers to signal appropriately, check their blind spots and make sure they are on the correct side of the road before making any changes in lane position. It is also important to make sure that there is enough space between your car and any other vehicles in the area.
8. Maintaining appropriate speed:
Drivers should always maintain an appropriate speed for the conditions of the road, taking into account any posted speed limits or signs indicating reduced speeds based on weather or construction zones. Speeding can lead to serious accidents, so it is important that drivers pay attention to their speedometers and avoid speeding at all costs.
9. Scanning for and identifying hazards:
Scanning for potential hazards is another important skill for drivers to master when behind the wheel; this includes being aware of pedestrians, cyclists, animals and other vehicles in the area. Drivers must also be aware of road conditions, such as potholes, debris or lack of traction due to weather conditions. Being aware of these hazards and preparing for them can help keep drivers safe on the roads.
10. Keeping a safe following distance:
Maintaining a safe following distance is essential for drivers to be able to respond quickly and safely to any potential hazards that may arise. Drivers should leave at least two seconds between their vehicle and the one in front of them; this gives them time to react if needed. It is also important to pay attention to any large vehicles on the road, such as tractor trailers or buses, as they require more time and space when stopping.
11. Sharing the road with cyclists, pedestrians and school buses:
Drivers must always be aware of cyclists, pedestrians and school buses when sharing the road. Drivers must also follow any posted speed limits and signs when in a school zone or near a bus stop; this helps ensure the safety of both drivers and children in the area. Drivers should also yield to pedestrians at crosswalks, and pay attention to cyclists that may be riding alongside them on multi-lane roads.
12. Driving in a school zone:
When driving in a school zone, drivers must follow any posted speed limits and signs. It is also important to be aware of the presence of children who may be crossing the street or biking around; drivers should always watch for their safety and yield to them when appropriate. Drivers should also pay attention to traffic lights and other signage near schools that indicate when they need to stop or slow down.
13. Reacting to an approaching emergency vehicle:
When an emergency vehicle is approaching with its siren and lights activated, drivers should pull over to the side of the road as soon as it is safe to do so. Drivers should also be prepared to yield the entire lane if there are multiple lanes in each direction. All other vehicles must remain stopped until the emergency vehicle has passed. Failure to yield may result in a fine or other penalties.
14. Using turning lanes:
It is illegal and extremely dangerous for drivers to operate their vehicles while distracted by phones, eating, drinking or any other activity that takes away from their focus on the road. When behind the wheel, drivers should keep all distractions at bay; this will help ensure they can react quickly and safely to any unexpected turns.