1. Make a safety plan.
Creating a safety plan is the first step in preparing for an elderly person's home safety. The plan should include details about who to contact in case of an emergency, where important documents are located, and any special medical needs that may arise. It also helps to identify potential hazards within the home and how they can be removed or addressed.
2. Remove hazards from the home.
Falls are one of the most common causes of injury in seniors, and falls can easily be prevented with a few simple steps. Common hazards such as loose rugs, slippery surfaces, and electrical cords should be removed or secured properly. It is also important to ensure that any furniture is stable and free from sharp edges, which could cause injury.
3. Install grab bars and railings.
Installing grab bars and railings in bathrooms, stairwells, and other places where seniors may move from one level to another can be an effective way of preventing falls. These should be securely mounted and fitted with non-slip padding for added safety.
4. Secure cords and cables.
Cords and cables that run along the floor can easily be tripped over, leading to falls and other injuries. Make sure all cords are kept off the ground or securely fastened to walls or furniture.
5. Place non-slip mats in bathrooms and kitchens.
Non-slip mats or rugs should be placed in bathrooms and kitchens to reduce the risk of falls. These mats should be secured to the floor, as loose mats can also create a tripping hazard.
6. Use assistive devices when necessary.
Assistive devices such as canes, walkers, and wheelchairs can be helpful in preventing falls. If a senior is having difficulty with activities of daily living due to mobility issues, it is important to ensure they have the right assistive devices available.
7. Install a monitored smoke alarm system.
Smoke alarms should be installed in all areas of the home and monitored to ensure they are functioning properly. It is also a good idea to install carbon monoxide detectors.
8. Keep emergency numbers handy.
It is important to always have emergency numbers readily available in case of a medical emergency. Have the contact information for family members, doctors, and other healthcare professionals easily accessible.
9. Plan for easy access to food and water.
Ensuring easy access to food and water is important for elderly individuals. If necessary, kitchen cabinets should be stocked with non-perishable foods that are easily accessible and require minimal preparation.
10. Regularly check on elderly loved ones.
Regularly checking in on elderly loved ones is essential to ensure their safety and well-being. It is important to check for any changes in behavior, health, or activities that could indicate potential problems.