1. Security Control Assessment
The security control assessment is a key part of the FedRAMP process, and involves verifying that the cloud service meets all the required security controls. This assessment is carried out by a third-party organization, which must be approved by the FedRAMP PMO.
2. Continuous Monitoring
Continuous monitoring is another critical component of FedRAMP, and helps ensure that the cloud service remains secure at all times. This monitoring is carried out by a designated continuous monitoring provider, which must also be approved by the FedRAMP PMO.
3. Incident Response Plan
An incident response plan is essential for dealing with any potential security incidents that may occur with a cloud service. The plan should outline the steps that will be taken in the event of an incident, as well as who will be responsible for each step.
4. Plan of Action and Milestones
A plan of action and milestones (POAM) is used to track progress on meeting the security requirements for FedRAMP authorization. The POAM should list out specific actions that need to be taken, as well as the target date for completing each action.
5. Protection of PII
The protection of PII is a key concern for any organization using a cloud service. The FedRAMP requirements checklist includes several controls that are specifically aimed at protecting PII, such as data encryption and access control measures.
6. Risk Management Framework
The risk management framework is a key part of the overall FedRAMP process, and helps ensure that risk is properly assessed and managed throughout the authorization process. The framework includes practices and procedures for assessing, mitigating, and monitoring risk.
7. Security Plans
A security plan is essential for any organization looking to use a cloud service. The plan should outline all the security controls that will be implemented in order to protect the data stored in the cloud service.
8. System and Services Acquisition
System and services acquisition is important for ensuring that only authorized systems and services are used with a cloud service. The acquisition process includes reviewing system documentation and verifying that the system meets all the required security controls.
9. Third-Party Service Provider Management
Third-party service provider management is critical for ensuring that all third-party providers used with a cloud service are safe and meet all security requirements. The management process includes performing due diligence on each provider and establishing contractual agreements between the provider and organization.
10. Training and Awareness Program
A training and awareness program is essential for ensuring that all users of a cloud service are properly trained on how to use the service safely and securely. The program should include both classroom-based training and online resources.