1. User Access Controls:
Effective user access controls ensure that only authorized personnel can access sensitive systems and data. This includes managing user accounts, access levels, and authentication methods.
2. Change Management Procedures:
Change management procedures ensure that any modifications to IT systems are properly documented, tested, and approved to minimize the risk of disruptions or vulnerabilities.
3. Data Backup and Recovery Processes:
Data backup and recovery processes involve regular backups of critical data and the ability to restore it in the event of data loss or system failures.
4. Network Security Measures:
Network security measures encompass firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and encryption protocols to protect data in transit.
5. Password Policies:
Strong password policies require users to create complex, frequently changed passwords to reduce the risk of unauthorized access.
6. Segregation of Duties:
Segregation of duties ensures that no single individual has complete control over a critical process, reducing the risk of fraud or errors.
7. IT Asset Management:
Effective IT asset management involves tracking and maintaining an inventory of hardware and software assets to ensure proper utilization and security.
8. Incident Response Plans:
Incident response plans outline steps to take in the event of a security incident, helping organizations respond quickly and mitigate damage.
9. Application Security:
Application security focuses on securing software applications, including code reviews, vulnerability assessments, and regular updates.
10. System Monitoring and Logging:
System monitoring and logging involve continuous monitoring of system activities and maintaining detailed logs for auditing and forensic purposes.