1. Inspect the lawn for signs of pests or disease.
If you see any signs of pests or disease, such as patches of discolored grass, you will need to treat the lawn accordingly. You may need to hire a professional to help you with this step.
2. Check the moisture levels in the soil.
If the soil is too dry, your lawn may not be getting enough water. If the soil is too wet, your lawn may be at risk for fungal diseases. You can remedy this by adjusting your irrigation schedule or by adding mulch to help retain moisture.
3. Assess the level of sunlight your lawn receives.
If your lawn is not getting enough sunlight, it may not be growing properly. Some types of grasses prefer more or less sunlight than others. You may need to adjust your irrigation schedule or move some furniture or plants to give your lawn more exposure to the sun.
4. Evaluate the color and texture of your lawn's grass blades.
The color and texture of grass blades can tell you a lot about the health of your lawn. Pale blades usually mean that the lawn is not getting enough nitrogen, while blades that are dull or brittle may indicate that the lawn is lacking in potassium. You can remedy this by applying fertilizer or by aerating the soil to improve drainage and soil health.
5. Look for areas that are thin or balding.
Thin or balding areas in a lawn are typically caused by either pests or disease. If you find any areas like this, you will need to treat them immediately.
6. Check for weeds and other unwanted plants.
Weeds can compete with grass for nutrients and water, which can result in an unhealthy lawn. If you find any weeds in your yard, remove them immediately using a weed killer or manual methods like pulling them out by hand.
7. Determine if any fertilizer is needed.
If your lawn is not looking as green and healthy as you would like, you may need to apply fertilizer. Be sure to follow the directions on the fertilizer package carefully so that you do not over or under-fertilize your lawn.
8. Apply any necessary treatments.
If you find pests or diseases in your lawn, you will need to treat the problem accordingly. There are a variety of products available for purchase at your local garden center or home improvement store. Be sure to follow the directions on the product label carefully.