Fatigue is a common symptom of MS. It can be caused by the disease itself, or by medications used to treat it. The fatigue can be mild or it can be so severe that it interferes with daily activities.
2. Vision problems.
People with MS may experience vision problems like double or blurred vision, partial loss of vision, and sensitivity to light.
3. Numbness and tingling.
Numbness and tingling in the limbs can be an early sign of MS. It is caused by damage to the nerves from the disease process.
4. Muscle spasms, stiffness, and weakness.
MS can cause muscle spasms, pain, stiffness, and weakness due to nerve damage that affects the muscles that control movement. This symptom can come on suddenly or slowly over time.
5. Mobility problems.
Difficulty walking is a common symptom of MS as it can affect balance, coordination, and muscle strength.
MS can cause a type of pain called neuropathic pain, which is caused by damage to the nerves that transmit signals from the brain and spinal cord to the body. This type of pain can be severe or mild and may be felt in various parts of the body.
7. Problems with thinking, learning, and planning.
Cognitive problems are common in people with MS. These problems can include difficulty with memory, concentration, problem-solving, and understanding abstract concepts.
8. Depression and anxiety.
Depression is a common problem among people with MS and can range from mild sadness to more severe depression requiring treatment. Anxiety can also be an issue for some people with MS as a result of the physical and emotional changes that come with the disease.
9. Sexual problems.
MS can cause sexual dysfunction due to nerve damage, fatigue, spasticity or depression. Common sexual problems include difficulty achieving orgasm, pain during intercourse and lack of libido.
10. Bladder problems.
Difficulty controlling bladder function is a common symptom of MS and can range from mild leakage to complete urinary incontinence. People with MS may also experience frequent urination, urgency or an inability to completely empty the bladder.
11. Bowel problems.
Bowel dysfunction is another common problem for people with MS as it can affect their ability to control bowel movements. This includes constipation, diarrhea and difficulty evacuating the bowels.
12. Speech and swallowing difficulties.
MS can affect the muscles used for speech and swallowing, which can cause slurred speech, difficulty articulating words or difficulty swallowing food or liquids. It is important to get help from a speech-language pathologist if these symptoms occur.
13. Dizziness and vertigo.
Dizziness or a feeling of spinning (vertigo) can be caused by damage to the nerves that control balance or by inflammation in the brainstem. This symptom can come on suddenly and cause nausea, vomiting, disorientation and balance problems.
14. Hearing loss.
Hearing loss can cause difficulty understanding words or sounds, ringing in the ears and general difficulty hearing. People with MS may also experience tinnitus, which is a ringing noise that is heard only by the person who has it.
Headaches are another common symptom of MS due to inflammation of the nerve pathways in the brain or from medications used to treat symptoms of the disease. They can range from mild to severe and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or dizziness.