1. Mass Air Flow Sensor:
The mass airflow (MAF) sensor in your Mustang measures the air entering the engine, allowing it to adjust the fuel/air mixture according to current conditions. If this sensor is faulty, then it can cause a cranks but won't start problem. To troubleshoot this issue, start by inspecting the MAF sensor connector and wiring for any signs of damage. If everything looks okay, then test the sensor with a multimeter to see if it is sending accurate signals.
2. Fuel Pressure Gauge:
Your Mustang's fuel system should have a fuel pressure gauge in order to monitor the amount of pressure being supplied to the engine. It should read between 40-60 psi at idle and over 70 psi when revved up. If your pressure gauge isn't showing the correct readings, then there may be an issue with the fuel system that could be causing your cranks but won't start problem. Check for any loose connections or clogs in the gas lines, and replace any faulty components as needed.
3. Ignition Timing:
Ignition timing is essential for a Mustang's engine to run properly. It should be set at factory specifications, but if it isn't then it can cause all sorts of issues including cranks but won't start a problem. To troubleshoot this issue, check the ignition timing with a timing light and adjust accordingly. If that doesn't fix the problem, then you may need to replace components such as spark plugs, wires, or other ignition-related parts.
4. Plug Wire Or Coil:
If your Mustang's plug wire or coil is faulty, then it can prevent the spark from reaching the fuel supply and result in a cranks but won't start an issue. Check for any signs of damage on the plug wires and replace them if needed. If the coil is faulty, then you may need to replace it altogether in order to get your Mustang running again.
A dead or dying battery can also prevent a Mustang from starting up, so check the health of your battery with a voltmeter. If the voltage is below 12 volts, then it's likely time for a new one. Once you've replaced the battery, try starting your Mustang and see if that fixes the problem.
6. Engine Compression:
If all other components are functioning correctly but your Mustang still won't start, then you may need to check its engine compression levels. Low compression can be caused by worn out piston rings or valves, as well as other issues with the engine itself. If that's the case, then you'll need to take your Mustang to a mechanic and have them diagnose the issue more thoroughly.
A faulty starter can also prevent a Mustang from starting up properly. To test it, try jumping the starter with another car or using jumper cables connected to a fully-charged battery. If it still doesn't start, then it's likely time for replacement.
8. Aftermarket Ignition Systems:
If you have an aftermarket ignition system in your Mustang such as an MSD ignition box or Crane Cams ignition module, then this could be causing your cranks but won’t start problem. Try disconnecting these components and see if your Mustang starts up. If it does, then you'll need to troubleshoot the aftermarket ignition system and make sure it's functioning properly before reinstalling.
9. Other Electrical Components (Fuses, Wiring, PCM, etc.):
Finally, you may need to check other electrical components such as fuses, wiring, and the powertrain control module (PCM). A faulty connection or worn-out fuse can prevent your Mustang from starting up properly. Inspect all related components for any signs of damage or corrosion, and replace them if necessary.
10. Ignition Switch:
The last component to check is the ignition switch. This part can become worn out or damaged over time, which can prevent your Mustang from starting up properly. If it's faulty, then you'll need to replace it in order to get your Mustang running again.
11. Exhaust (Possible Clogs/Restrictions):
If all of the components above are functioning properly, then you'll need to check the exhaust system for any clogs or restrictions. If there is a blockage in the exhaust, then this can prevent your Mustang from starting up properly. Check the entire exhaust system and make sure nothing is blocking it before trying to start your Mustang again.
If none of the above are causing your cranks but won't start issue, then you may need to check the grounds. All electrical components in a Mustang rely on good grounds for proper operation and if they're not connected properly, then this can prevent your Mustang from starting up. Check all ground connections and make sure they are secure before attempting to start your Mustang again.
13. Ignition Coils:
If all components are functioning correctly and the grounds are secure, then you may need to check the ignition coils. An issue with an ignition coil can prevent your Mustang from starting up properly, so inspect them and make sure they're working correctly before trying to start your Mustang again.
14. TFI Module (If Equipped):
Finally, if your Mustang is equipped with a TFI (Thick Film Ignition) module you'll need to check it and make sure it's working properly. If the TFI module is faulty, then this can prevent your Mustang from starting up properly and will need to be replaced in order to get your Mustang running again.