1. Collect all required documents
When applying for citizenship, you will need to provide a range of documents to prove your identity, residency, and eligibility. Make sure you have all the required documents before you begin the application process. The list of documents you will need can be found on the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website.
2. Review requirements and gather information
Before filling out the application form, be sure to review the eligibility requirements and gather any additional information needed to complete the form. This includes things like your Social Security number, biographical information, and details about your time in the U.S.
3. Complete the application form
The application form can be filled out electronically or by hand. Be sure to complete all sections of the form and provide accurate information. If you have any questions about how to complete the form, be sure to ask a trusted friend or family member for help, or contact an immigration lawyer.
4. Gather supplemental information
In addition to the application form, you may also be asked to provide supplemental information such as photographs, fingerprints, and copies of important documents like your birth certificate or passport. Make sure you have everything ready before filing your application so there are no delays.
5. File the application and submit payment
Once you have completed the application form and gathered all supplemental information, you will need to file your application and pay the applicable fee. You can do this by mail or online using the USCIS Electronic Immigration System (ELIS). Fees can vary depending on your situation so be sure to check the USCIS website for more information.
6. Wait for notice of appointment
After submitting your application, it will take some time for USCIS to review it and schedule an appointment for you to take the oath of allegiance and receive your Certificate of Naturalization. You will receive a notice in the mail with all of the important details about your appointment date and time.
7. Attend your appointment
Be sure to attend your appointment on time and bring all required documents with you. You will take an oath of allegiance during this appointment and officially become a U.S. citizen once it is completed successfully.
8. Take the oath of allegiance
During your appointment, you will be asked to take an oath of allegiance to join the United States as a citizen. This oath commits you to support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, both foreign and domestic.
9. Receive your Certificate of Naturalization
After taking the oath of allegiance, you will be given your Certificate of Naturalization as proof that you are now a U.S. citizen. This document should be kept in a safe place as it is an important official record. You may need to provide it as proof of citizenship in the future.