1. Patient Assessment:
Nurses should always perform a patient assessment in order to accurately determine the patient's condition and identify any areas of concern. The assessment should include a review of the patient's medical history, current symptoms, and medications.
2. Wound Care:
Nurses must properly clean and care for wounds to prevent infection and promote healing. This may include using sterile techniques when administering wound care, changing dressings as needed, and observing for signs of infection.
3. Medication Administration:
Nurses must be knowledgeable about the types of medication and their proper administration procedures. They must also be aware of potential drug interactions and adverse effects.
4. Vital Signs Monitoring:
Nurses must constantly monitor patients' vital signs in order to detect changes in their condition. This includes measuring blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood oxygen levels.
5. Infection Control:
Nurses must take precautions to prevent the spread of infection both within the hospital and to the community at large. This may include following standard infection control procedures, using personal protective equipment, and sterilizing equipment and supplies.
6. Patient Advocacy:
Nurses are often the patients' primary advocates, especially when they are unable to speak for themselves. This may involve communicating with doctors and other healthcare professionals, ensuring that patients receive appropriate care and treatment, and advocating for patients' rights.
7. Safety and Security Procedures:
Nurses must be aware of the hospital's safety and security procedures and follow them appropriately at all times. This includes knowing how to respond to emergencies such as fires or code blue calls.
8. Communication With Other Health Care Professionals:
Nurses must maintain open communication with other members of the healthcare team in order to provide coordinated care for their patients. This includes sharing information about the patient's medical history, current condition, and treatment plans.
9. Documentation and Charting:
Nurses must accurately document all aspects of their patients' care in a timely manner. This includes recording vital signs, medication administration, treatments provided, and any changes in the patient's condition.
10. Professional Development and Continuing Education:
Nursing is a profession that requires ongoing education and professional development in order to stay up-to-date on the latest advances in patient care. Nurses should make sure they are taking advantage of all available educational opportunities in order to maintain their skillset and knowledge base.