1. General Risk & Workplace Management.
Employers must ensure that their workplace is free of potential hazards, and it is their duty to create a safe working environment for employees, visitors, contractors, and customers. This involves performing risk assessments to identify potential hazards and to plan how these risks can be managed. The organization should also have policies in place to ensure that all safety regulations and standards are followed.
2. Representation & Participation & Issue resolution.
Representation & Participation of employees in the health and safety process is important, as it ensures that workers are kept informed and have a voice when it comes to workplace safety. The organization should also have established procedures for resolving any issues or grievances related to health and safety.
3. First Aid.
Organizations must provide adequate first aid facilities, training, and equipment for their employees in case of an emergency. They should also have policies in place to address immediate medical care needs and arrange appropriate transportation if necessary.
4. Emergency Plans.
Organizations should also have comprehensive emergency plans in place that outline the steps to be taken in the event of an emergency. This includes training workers on how to respond to an emergency, evacuation plans, and communication procedures.
Organizations must provide appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) for their employees when needed. This includes items such as hard hats, safety glasses, gloves, and respirators. They should also ensure that this equipment is properly maintained and used according to manufacturer guidelines.
6. Remote or Isolated work.
Organizations with remote or isolated work sites must have policies in place to address issues such as communications, hazard identification, and control measures, medical assistance, and transportation arrangements in case of emergencies.
7. Managing risks from airborne contaminants & hazardous atmospheres.
Organizations must have measures in place to ensure that workers are not exposed to airborne contaminants or hazardous atmospheres. This should include regular monitoring of the working environment as well as providing appropriate PPE and ventilation systems where necessary.
8. Storage of Flammable or combustible substances.
Organizations must have policies in place for the safe storage and handling of flammable or combustible substances. This includes ensuring that these substances are kept in a secure area, away from heat sources, potential ignition sources and other hazardous materials.
9. Falling objects and Falls.
Organizations must have protective measures in place to prevent employees from falling objects or slipping on wet surfaces, such as non-slip mats or handrails. They should also provide fall protection equipment such as safety harnesses and lanyards where necessary.
Organizations must ensure that noise levels are kept to a minimum and workers are provided with suitable hearing protection, if required. They should also have measures in place to monitor noise levels on a regular basis.
11. Hazardous Manual Tasks.
Organizations must ensure that any manual tasks undertaken by their employees are done safely, without causing injury or strain to the worker. This includes providing appropriate equipment and ensuring that all workers are aware of safe lifting and carrying procedures.
12. Confined spaces.
Organizations must have effective procedures for entering, working in, and exiting confined spaces. This includes having adequate safety equipment, training for workers, supervision, and risk assessments before entering a confined space.
13. High risk work.
Organizations must have appropriate policies and procedures in place for any high-risk work activities. They should also ensure that workers are adequately trained, supervised, and provided with the necessary safety equipment when undertaking such tasks.
14. General Electrical Safety in Workplaces & Energized Electrical Work.
Organizations must ensure that their electrical systems are designed, installed, operated, and maintained in accordance with relevant safety standards. They should also have policies in place to address safe energized electrical work, working with live parts and the use of portable electric tools.
15. General Duties for plant and structures.
Organizations must ensure that any plant or structures they use in their workplace are maintained and operated in accordance with relevant safety standards. This includes having an effective inspection, maintenance, and repair procedures in place as well as providing appropriate training for workers.