1. Preparing the patient for the procedure:
This includes ensuring that the patient is comfortable, that they have been properly informed of what to expect during and after the procedure, and that they understand any risks associated with having their blood drawn. It is also important to make sure that the patient's medical history is up-to-date and that any allergies or other medical conditions are known.
2. Checking the patient's medical history:
This involves verifying that the patient is eligible for a phlebotomy procedure, and confirming any information about the patient's health that may be relevant to the procedure. It is important to obtain as much information as possible in order to minimize any risks to the patient.
3. Drawing blood from a vein:
This includes choosing an appropriate vein for drawing blood, sterilizing the site, inserting the needle correctly, and drawing blood in a manner that does not cause pain or discomfort to the patient.
4. Labeling and storing blood samples:
After drawing blood, it is important to label and store the sample correctly so that it can be used for diagnostic or research purposes. This may include using specific labeling procedures or storing samples in a specific temperature range.
5. Disposing of biohazardous waste:
Phlebotomists must take precautions when disposing of biohazardous waste, such as ensuring that all waste is properly contained and labeled according to local regulations. It is also important to clean up any spills or other messes quickly and effectively.
6. Recording patient data:
This includes recording information about the patient such as their name, age, medical history, and any allergies they may have. It is important to keep accurate records of all interactions with patients in order to ensure continuity of care.
7. Educating patients about phlebotomy procedures:
Phlebotomists play an important role in educating patients about phlebotomy procedures. This may include explaining why certain tests are being performed, what will happen during and after the procedure, and any potential risks associated with having their blood drawn.
8. Performing quality assurance checks on equipment:
It is important for phlebotomists to routinely check their equipment for proper function and accuracy. This may include calibrating instruments or checking for signs of wear and tear.
9. Maintaining accurate records of all patient interactions:
In order to ensure continuity of care, phlebotomists must keep accurate records of all interactions with patients. This includes recording any information provided by the patient, as well as details about the procedure itself.
10. Keeping the work area clean and organized:
It is important for phlebotomists to maintain a clean and organized work area in order to ensure the safety of both patients and staff. This may include wiping down surfaces, disposing of biohazardous waste correctly, and keeping all equipment in good working condition.