1. Check brakes to ensure they are working and no air is leaking.
Brake systems are essential to the safety of any bus, and a pre-trip inspection should include a thorough check for brake faults. This includes checking the master cylinder and pedal pressure, as well as inspecting all other components related to the brake system such as lines, hoses, or cables for signs of wear or damage.
2. Check the steering system for proper operation with no rattles or squeaks.
The steering system is responsible for keeping the bus in line and properly navigating. Therefore, a pre-trip inspection should include an assessment of the entire steering system including the rack, power steering pump, and lines. This should check for any signs of leakage, rattles, or squeaks that could indicate a problem with the system.
3. Check the engine oil level and condition of the oil.
Engine oil provides protection to the engine and keeps it running smoothly. During a pre-trip inspection, make sure to check the oil level and condition of the oil on the bus. Oil should be in good condition and at an appropriate level for optimal performance.
4. Inspect fuel lines and other components for leaks.
Fuel lines and other components related to the fuel system should be checked for leaks during a pre-trip inspection. This is important as any leaks could pose a risk of fire or explosion.
5. Test battery, alternator, and starter for proper performance.
The battery, alternator, and starter of the bus should be tested to make sure they are working correctly. All electrical connections should also be inspected for corrosion or other damage that could affect performance.
6. Inspect all fluid levels (radiator, power steering, transmission).
All fluid levels in the bus should be checked and topped up as needed during a pre-trip inspection. This includes checking the radiator, power steering, and transmission fluids to make sure they are at the correct levels.
7. Visual inspection of hoses, belts, and pulleys.
During a pre-trip inspection, hoses, belts, and pulleys should be inspected for signs of wear or damage. Any cracks, fraying or other visible damage should be addressed promptly to prevent further issues down the line.
8. Verify lights are operational including headlights, turn signals, and brake lights come on when applied.
Bus lights are essential for both safety and visibility, so they should be checked during the pre-trip inspection. This includes headlights, turn signals, brake lights, fog lights, and interior lighting to make sure all are in working order.
9. Examine the exhaust system for any signs of damage or leaks.
The exhaust system should be inspected for any signs of damage or leaks. This is important as any leaks could present both a fire safety risk and an increased risk of Carbon Monoxide poisoning.
10. Check that windshield wipers work correctly.
Windshield wipers are essential for a bus driver's visibility, so they should be tested during the pre-trip inspection. This includes checking that the wipers move correctly and replacing any worn wiper blades as needed.