1. Schedule a preconception checkup:
Visit your healthcare provider to discuss any health issues, medications, or vaccinations that need to be addressed before trying to conceive.
2. Quit smoking:
Smoking can harm both you and your baby during pregnancy, so it's important to quit before getting pregnant.
3. Reduce alcohol intake:
Drinking alcohol can harm the developing fetus, so it's important to limit your alcohol intake or stop drinking altogether before trying to conceive.
4. Maintain a healthy weight:
Being underweight or overweight can affect your fertility and increase the risk of pregnancy complications, so try to maintain a healthy weight before getting pregnant.
5. Get enough folic acid:
Folic acid is important for the development of the neural tube, which forms the baby's brain and spinal cord. Take a daily supplement of 400-800 micrograms of folic acid before and during pregnancy.
6. Manage chronic health conditions:
If you have a chronic health condition such as diabetes or high blood pressure, work with your healthcare provider to manage it before getting pregnant.
7. Check for sexually transmitted infections (STIs):
Untreated STIs can affect fertility and increase the risk of pregnancy complications, so get tested and treated if necessary.
8. Review your medications:
Some medications can be harmful during pregnancy, so review your medications with your healthcare provider before trying to conceive.
9. Reduce stress:
High levels of stress can affect fertility and increase the risk of pregnancy complications, so try to reduce stress before getting pregnant.
10. Discuss your parenting goals:
Discuss your expectations and goals for parenting with your partner to ensure you're on the same page before getting pregnant.