1. Exterior of Building:
A property inspection should include making a thorough check of the exterior of the building, including looking for signs of damage or disrepair, such as water stains on walls, loose gutters or trim, and cracks in brickwork or siding. The inspector should also make sure that all windows and doors are properly sealed and that the exterior of the building is free from debris.
2. Foundation and Stairs:
The inspector should check for any cracks, misalignments, or other structural issues with the foundation and stairs of the property. It’s important to make sure that all stairs are safe and secure, with no loose boards or railings. The inspector should also check that all steps meet code specifications.
3. Interior Walls and Flooring:
Inspectors should look for signs of water damage on interior walls and floors, as well as any tears or holes in wall coverings or carpets. Cracks in drywall or tiles can indicate a more serious underlying issue such as a plumbing leak or foundation problem.
When inspecting bathrooms, the inspector should check for any signs of water damage or mold, as well as making sure that all fixtures are properly installed and functioning. Inspectors should also look for evidence of pests, such as cockroach droppings or other residue.
5. Safety Features:
The property manager should make sure that smoke detectors are in place and working correctly in all areas of the rental unit, and that there is a carbon monoxide detector on each level of the building. Additionally, there should be handrails on all staircases and balconies if applicable.
6. Lighting Fixtures and Electrical Outlets:
Inspectors must ensure that all lights and electrical outlets are in working order, with no exposed wires or other hazards. In addition, the inspector should make sure that all lights meet local codes for wattage and placement.
7. Windows and Doors:
The property manager must ensure that all windows open and close properly, without any sticking or warping. All locks on doors should be inspected to ensure they are functional, as well as checking to see if there are any gaps around windows or doors which may allow drafts or pests into the unit.
8. Plumbing Fixtures and Appliances:
The inspector should check all plumbing fixtures to make sure there are no leaks present, as well as making sure that all appliances (e.g., dishwasher, oven, refrigerator) are in good working order.
9. Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning:
The inspector should check the HVAC system to make sure all components are functioning correctly and that there is no evidence of mold or mildew in ducts or vents.
10. Fire Safety Features:
Inspectors must ensure that all fire safety features, such as smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, and sprinkler systems (if applicable), are present and working properly.
The property manager should inspect the landscaping of the rental unit to make sure it is free from debris and hazardous objects, such as broken glass or sharp branches. The inspector should also check for any signs of pests, such as ant mounds or standing water.
12. Garages or Storage Spaces:
The inspector should check garages or storage spaces for any signs of water damage, pest infestations, or structural issues. The inspector should also ensure that all doors and locks are in good working order.
13. Smoke Detectors:
The inspector should check smoke detectors in all areas of the unit, and replace any batteries as needed. Additionally, the inspector should make sure that all detectors are properly installed and functioning correctly.
14. Carbon Monoxide Detectors:
The inspector should check the carbon monoxide detectors to make sure they are in good working order and that there is one detector on each level of the building. Additionally, the inspector should replace any batteries as needed.
15. Bedrooms/Living Rooms/Kitchen Area/Other Rooms in the Unit:
The inspector should look for any signs of water damage, mold, pests, or structural issues in all rooms of the rental unit. The inspector should also check for any other dangerous or hazardous conditions such as improper wiring, broken furniture, etc.