1. Reliving a traumatic event
Either through flashbacks or nightmares.
2. Avoiding any thoughts, feelings or conversations that relate to the trauma
It can be difficult to avoid thoughts, feelings, and conversations related to a traumatic event.
3. Negative changes in beliefs and feelings
For example, feeling guilt, shame or disgust about what happened.
4. Negative changes in thoughts and mood
For example, having difficulty remembering certain parts of the event or feeling distant from other people.
5. Being more irritable than usual
For example, having a poor appetite or trouble falling asleep.
6. Being constantly on edge
Feeling jumpy and easily startled for no reason.
7. Feeling keyed up (also called hyperarousal)
Feeling very on edge or ready to react quickly and easily to any threat.
8. Feeling detached from others
For example, avoiding contact with people.
9. Being easily distracted
For example, not being able to pay attention to what other people are saying or doing in a conversation.
10. Having increased or upsetting dreams
Nightmares, where they relive the trauma or feel trapped in an event that threatens their safety.