1. Making Appropriate Eye Contact:
When communicating with another person, individuals on the autism spectrum should be making direct eye contact with the speaker or listener, looking at their face and eyes. Eye contact is important for communication as it can help to show interest in the conversation and demonstrate attentiveness. It also helps to establish trust and connection between people.
2. Monitoring and Responding to Facial Expressions:
People with autism can struggle to read the emotions of others through facial expressions, making it difficult for them to respond appropriately in certain social situations. It is important to observe how an individual with autism interacts with others and notices their facial expressions, as this will provide insight into how they are processing information being communicated.
3. Responding Appropriately to Verbal Instructions:
Instructions should be given clearly and concisely in order for those on the autism spectrum to understand what has been asked of them. It is also important that instructions are age-appropriate and not overly complex or demanding so that individuals have a better chance of following them correctly.
4. Engaging in Age-Appropriate Conversations:
In order for conversations to be successful, individuals on the autism spectrum should respond appropriately to questions asked and maintain topics of discussion relevant to their age. They should also use language that is appropriate for different situations and people encountered.
5. Taking Turns During Conversations:
Taking turns during conversation allows both parties involved to have an equal opportunity to share information, ask questions and express opinions or feelings. This skill can be difficult for those on the autism spectrum as they may not understand when it is appropriate for them to speak or pause and let someone else talk.
6. Asking Questions Related To Topics Being Discussed With Peers Or Adults:
In order to keep conversations engaging, individuals on the autism spectrum should be able to ask questions related to the topics being discussed. This helps to show their interest in the conversation and can help them better understand what is being talked about.
7. Initiating Comments or Requests Relating To Their Own Interests or Needs:
Individuals on the autism spectrum might need help learning how to initiate comments and requests relating to their own interests or needs in certain social situations. They can practice this skill by asking relevant questions, making observations and expressing opinions with others.
8. Using Language Appropriate For Different Situations and People Encountered:
It is important for those on the autism spectrum to learn how to adjust their language depending on the people and situations they are in. They should be aware of when it is appropriate to use certain words or phrases, as well as how to respond appropriately to different questions and comments.