1. Ensure all applications, operating systems, and patches are up-to-date.
Organizations should regularly check for and apply software updates to ensure all applications, operating systems, and patches are up-to-date. This reduces the risk of known vulnerabilities being exploited by malicious attackers.
2. Configure security settings on each server.
Security settings should be configured on each server individually to ensure that all servers are secure. These settings can include setting up user authentication, enabling encryption, and configuring firewalls.
3. Implement a strong password policy.
A strong password policy should be implemented across the organization. This includes creating passwords that are at least eight characters in length and contain a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols. Passwords should also be changed regularly to prevent malicious users from exploiting them.
4. Install antivirus software and configure regular scans.
Antivirus software should be installed on all servers to protect them from malicious software. These scans should be configured to regularly scan the systems for any signs of malware.
5. Monitor network traffic for suspicious activity.
Organizations should monitor their network traffic in order to detect any suspicious activity. This includes identifying and blocking malicious incoming connections, as well as monitoring outbound connections for any unauthorized data transfers.
6. Restrict physical access to servers/data centers.
Physical access to servers and data centers should be restricted to authorized personnel only. This ensures that malicious actors cannot gain access to the systems.
7. Disable unnecessary services and accounts.
Any unnecessary services and accounts should be disabled in order to reduce the attack surface of the system. This includes disabling any unused accounts, services, or ports that are not necessary for running the system.
8. Set up data encryption.
Data encryption should be enabled on all systems to ensure that any data stored or transmitted is secure. This will reduce the risk of malicious actors obtaining sensitive information.
9. Create backups of critical data.
Organizations should create backups of all critical data to ensure that it is protected against any potential losses. These backups should be stored securely and regularly updated.
10. Use web application firewalls to protect web applications.
Organizations should use web application firewalls to protect their web applications from malicious threats. These firewalls can be used to monitor and block any suspicious traffic and connections that attempt to access the application.