1. Assessments of academic achievement.
Academic achievement assessments evaluate a student's performance in reading, writing, mathematics, and other relevant subjects to identify areas of difficulty.
2. Assessments of cognitive abilities.
Cognitive assessments measure a student's intellectual abilities, providing insight into their potential for learning and cognitive strengths and weaknesses.
3. Evidence of a severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and academic achievement.
This involves determining whether there is a significant difference between a student's intellectual capacity and their actual academic performance.
4. Documentation of a pattern of underachievement.
Consistent underachievement in academic areas over time can indicate a specific learning disability.
5. Exclusion of other possible factors affecting learning.
It is essential to rule out other factors such as environmental, emotional, or cultural factors that may impact a student's performance.
6. Ongoing progress monitoring.
Regularly tracking a student's progress helps assess the effectiveness of interventions and whether improvement is being made.
7. Response to intervention (RTI) data.
RTI data shows how a student responds to various interventions, helping to determine the level of support needed.
8. Parent and teacher input.
Gathering insights from both parents and teachers can provide a more comprehensive understanding of a student's learning challenges.