1. Check for compliance with relevant building codes and regulations:
Before any construction begins, all plans must be reviewed and approved by the local building department to ensure that they meet the standards set forth by the state’s building code and other applicable regulations. During an inspection, those in charge will examine all aspects of the structure or facility, including its foundation, walls, doors, windows, and stairways.
2. Ensure all doors, windows, stairs and handrails are properly secured:
All door frames should be firmly fastened to the wall and equipped with securely locked hardware. Window frames must fit snugly within their openings and be fitted with locks or other security devices as necessary. Stairs should have anti-slip treads, handrails of appropriate height, firm risers and landings in order to prevent falls.
3. Inspect interior walls, floors and ceilings for any damage or signs of wear:
Interior surfaces should be inspected for any cracks or signs of deterioration which could cause structural weakness or instability if left unaddressed. Floors should be checked for level surfaces and any weak spots or damage to flooring material. Ceilings may need to be checked for stability, insulation, and fire-proofing.
4. Test all fire safety systems such as smoke alarms, fire extinguishers and sprinkler systems:
It is important that all fire safety systems are installed correctly, maintained regularly and tested to ensure proper functioning in the event of an emergency. Fire alarm systems must be set off manually or through a monitored system. Smoke detectors should be present on every level of the building as well as near sleeping areas. Fire extinguishers should also be located throughout the building in easily accessible locations with a clear path to exit in case of emergency. Sprinkler systems should also be tested and inspected to ensure they are in working order.
5. Examine the electrical system to ensure it meets safety standards:
The electrical system should be checked for any faulty wiring, loose connections or outdated components which could lead to a fire hazard. It is important that all outlets, switches and junction boxes are properly labeled and updated with current technology as needed. Extension cords should not be used as permanent fixtures and all uncovered wires must be securely connected and insulated.
6. Review plumbing fixtures to make sure they are in good working order:
It is important that pipes, faucets, toilets, drains and other related systems remain in proper working condition at all times. Leaks can cause water damage and even mold growth if not addressed quickly, and toilets may need to be checked for proper flushing capability.
7. Check lighting fixtures for correct operation:
Light fixtures should be placed away from combustible materials and located in areas that are easily accessible for maintenance purposes. All bulbs should have protective covers or cages to prevent accidental contact with the hot components.
8. Inspect HVAC units for proper functioning:
HVAC systems should be checked for any signs of wear or damage and replaced when necessary. Filters should also be changed regularly to maintain proper air flow and reduce the risk of airborne contaminants.
9. Test elevators and escalators for safe operation:
Elevators and escalators should be tested regularly to ensure that they are functioning properly. All safety features such as lighting, alarms, and emergency stop buttons should be checked for proper functionality.
10. Verify that exits are clearly marked and accessible at all times:
All exits, stairwells and emergency exits should be clearly marked and accessible at all times. The paths to the exits must remain clear of any obstructions that could hinder someone’s ability to escape in an emergency.
11. Inspect playground equipment, if present, for proper installation and safety:
If there is playground equipment present, it should be inspected to make sure the surfaces are of appropriate size and softness, the structure is firmly anchored in place and all guardrails, handholds and other safety features are properly installed. All moving parts should also be checked for proper operation and any loose or broken pieces replaced immediately.
12. Review any hazardous material storage areas to ensure they are properly secured and labeled:
Any hazardous materials such as chemicals, flammable liquids or other combustibles should be stored in a secure area away from any heat sources or combustible items. All containers should be clearly labeled with the proper safety warnings and precautions.
13. Confirm that the facility is equipped with an emergency first aid kit:
It is important that a fully stocked emergency first aid kit be available in the event of an accident or injury. The kit should include sterile gauze, bandages, tape and antiseptic solution as well as other necessary items.
14. Ensure all debris, trash, and other combustible materials are disposed of in accordance with state regulations:
It is important to keep the premises clean and free of debris, trash and other combustible materials. These items should be disposed of in accordance with local and state regulations to prevent any potential health or safety hazards.
15. Verify that all safety signage is correctly displayed throughout the facility:
All safety signage should be clearly visible and placed in areas that are easily accessible. Signs may include fire exit routes, hazardous material warnings, evacuation plans, and any other relevant information regarding the safety of occupants in the facility.