1. Prepare Surgery Room:
Before any surgery takes place, the room must be properly prepared and sterile. This includes setting up the equipment and making sure it is in proper working order, as well as sanitizing the surfaces of the room to eliminate potential pathogens. All materials used during the procedure must be sterile and all staff members must wear appropriate protective gear.
2. Check Patient Records:
It is important to review the patient’s medical history prior to conducting surgery, including any previously prescribed medications or conditions that may affect the outcome of the procedure. Additionally, the doctor should discuss any risks with the patient prior to surgery and obtain signed consent forms if necessary.
3. Take Pre-Surgery Measurements:
This includes taking vital signs such as temperature, blood pressure and heart rate, in order to gauge how the patient may respond during and after surgery. It also includes performing a physical examination of the area where surgery will take place, in order to be sure there are no underlying issues that could cause complications during or after the procedure.
4. Prepare Surgical Instruments:
Once the room is prepared, the surgical instruments must be organized and ready for use during the procedure. This includes making sure they are clean and sterilized, as well as ensuring that they are in proper working order. Additionally, all members of staff should understand how to use each instrument before beginning any part of the surgery.
5. Administer Anesthesia:
It is important to properly administer anesthesia prior to surgery, which will help ensure that the patient remains comfortable throughout the entire procedure. The amount and type of anesthesia used will depend on the nature of the surgery being conducted, as well as any allergies or sensitivities that may exist with certain medications.
6. Monitor Vital Signs:
Vital signs should be monitored throughout the procedure to ensure that the patient is stable and responding to treatment in a positive manner. This includes checking heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation levels and temperature on a regular basis.
7. Position Patient Properly:
In order for the surgery to be performed correctly and safely, it is important that the patient is properly positioned during the entire procedure. This will help reduce any risk of complications or injury due to improper positioning or incorrect posture during surgery.
8. Conduct Surgery According To Plan:
Once all preparations are made and anesthesia has been administered, it is time for the actual surgery itself. It is important to follow the procedure plan outlined prior to beginning, as any deviation from the plan may result in complications or unwanted results.
9. Clean Up:
After the surgery is complete, it is important to ensure that all surgical instruments are properly cleaned and sterilized prior to being put away for future use. All surfaces must be sanitized and appropriate precautions should be taken to avoid contamination or infection during the cleaning process.