1. Spill prevention measures:
An important part of a SWPPP checklist is ensuring that any spills, leaks or other hazardous material releases are handled and cleaned up appropriately. This can include establishing spill containment areas, providing spill kits, and implementing safe clean-up protocols. It's also important to ensure that staff members understand what is required in the event of a spill, leak or hazardous material release.
2. Materials handling practices:
Businesses should also establish practices for safely and effectively handling and transporting materials throughout their facility. All personnel should be trained on proper loading, unloading, storage and transport procedures to help ensure that materials are used in the safest manner possible.
3. Storage standards:
When it comes to storing potentially hazardous materials onsite, businesses must set up adequate containment structures. This can include bunds, storm water pits, sediment traps or other measures designed to contain any potential runoff from the stored material before it reaches waterways or sewer systems.
4. Waste disposal procedures:
It's important to have clear policies in place for properly disposing of any solid or liquid waste materials in order to prevent contamination of local waterways. These policies should include procedures for safely collecting, storing, transporting and disposing of all types of waste according to applicable regulations.
5. Runoff control measures:
Businesses must also establish methods for controlling and managing storm water runoff from their property. This can include using structural BMPs such as constructed wetlands or detention ponds, or non-structural BMPs such as vegetation buffer strips. Additional measures may include establishing erosion control plans and implementing land use controls to reduce the amount of impervious surface area (such as asphalt) on a site.
6. Sediment control practices:
Sediment is one of the most common pollutants found in storm water, so businesses must establish practices for controlling and managing sediment runoff from their property. This can include using structural BMPs such as check dams or silt fences, or non-structural BMPs such as cover crops or buffer strips.
7. Monitoring and inspection protocols:
Businesses should also have procedures in place for regularly monitoring and inspecting all BMPs onsite to ensure they are functioning properly and that any necessary maintenance is performed promptly. This includes performing regular visual inspections of each BMP to check for any signs of damage, wear and tear or improper functioning that could lead to a potential release of contaminants into nearby waterways.
8. Recordkeeping requirements:
Storm water regulations require businesses to keep detailed records of all activities related to their SWPPP. This includes keeping records of monitoring and inspection results, maintenance logs and any other relevant information.
9. Emergency response procedures:
Businesses should also have established emergency response plans in place in case of a spill or other release of contaminants into nearby waterways. These plans should include steps for how to contain the spill or release, clean it up promptly and take corrective action to prevent similar incidents from occurring in the future.
10. Maintenance standards for storm water control measures:
Businesses must also set up regular maintenance protocols for their storm water control measures. This includes periodic inspections, repairs, replacement of damaged parts and other necessary tasks to ensure the BMPs are functioning properly at all times. In addition, businesses should make sure that any staff members responsible for maintaining the BMPs have received adequate training on how to do so properly and safely.
11. Training programs for staff on storm water regulations, best management practices (BMPs) and other necessary protocols
In order to ensure that their SWPPP is properly implemented, businesses must provide adequate training to all staff members on storm water regulations, best management practices (BMPs) and other related policies. This should include a comprehensive overview of the relevant rules and regulations as well as specific procedures for implementing them correctly. Furthermore, businesses should have ongoing training programs in place to keep staff up-to-date on any changes or new developments in the field.