1. Motor Tics:
Movements or sounds that a person makes repeatedly and involuntarily, such as blinking, throat clearing, and arm jerking.
2. Vocal Tics:
Unwanted noises that a person makes involuntarily, such as grunting or barking.
Excessive swearing or inappropriate words uttered uncontrollably.
Repeating the words or phrases of others automatically.
5. Complex Motor Movements:
Involuntary movements involve multiple body parts at once, such as hopping, twirling around in circles, or slapping oneself on the head.
6. Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviors:
Uncontrollable thoughts and behaviors such as counting, arranging objects in a certain order, or washing hands excessively.
7. Stereotypic Movements:
Repetitive movements of the body and limbs such as rocking back and forth or shaking the head.
8. Self-Injurious Behaviors:
Actions that cause physical harm to oneself such as biting one’s skin or repeatedly hitting oneself on the head.
9. Social Difficulties:
Problems interacting with others due to difficulty understanding social cues, an inability to initiate conversations, or difficulty controlling emotions in social settings.
10. Cognitive Deficits:
A lower than average IQ, problems with paying attention, and difficulty understanding abstract concepts.