1. Project Initiation:
In order to begin a project, it is necessary to first establish a clear goal and scope. This is done in the project initiation phase, which includes creating a project charter and identifying the stakeholders involved.
2. Scope Management:
The scope of a project includes all the work that needs to be done in order to achieve the goal, as well as all of the associated deliverables. It is important to ensure that the scope is clearly defined and understood by all stakeholders.
3. Requirements Management:
Requirements define what needs to be delivered by the project and can be used to measure success. It is important to ensure that all requirements are valid and agreed upon by all stakeholders.
4. Schedule Management:
The schedule establishes when work will be done and helps ensure that the project is completed on time. It is important to create a realistic schedule that takes into account all dependencies and constraints.
5. Cost Management:
Project costs include both the direct expenses incurred by the project and the indirect expenses (such as overhead) allocated to it. Costs must be tracked and managed throughout the life of the project in order to stay on budget.
6. Quality Assurance:
Quality assurance ensures that the products or services delivered by a project meet the required standards. Quality assurance activities should be planned and executed throughout the life of the project.
7. Communications Planning:
Effective communication is essential for any successful project. Communication planning should identify who needs what information when they need it, and how it will be delivered.
8. Risk Management:
Risks can threaten the success of a project in many ways. Risk management planning identifies potential risks and establishes procedures for mitigating them.
9. Procurement Management:
Procurement management involves planning for and managing the procurement of goods and services needed by a project. This includes issuing requests for proposals (RFPs), evaluating bids, and awarding contracts.
10. Stakeholder Management:
Stakeholder management involves tracking who is impacted by a project, identifying their interests and priorities, and managing their expectations. It is important to keep all stakeholders informed and engaged throughout the life of the project.