1. Responses to Handling:
Checking the animal's reaction to being handled and touched can help identify any potential pain or discomfort which could indicate a health issue.
2. Hydration Status:
Monitoring hydration levels is important for detecting dehydration as well as other health issues such as kidney problems or diabetes.
Taking the animal's temperature can help to identify potential illnesses, infections, or inflammation.
4. Heart Rate and Pulse Check:
Monitoring the heart beats per minute (BPM) and any abnormalities of the pulse can indicate cardiac problems or other issues such as anemia.
5. Respiratory Rate Measurement:
Checking the number of breaths per minute can help recognize respiratory illnesses or conditions such as asthma.
6. Abdominal Palpation:
Gently feeling around the abdominal area can help to detect masses, organ enlargement, fluid buildup, deformities, lumps, or pain which may indicate a medical issue.
7. Skin and Coat Examination:
Looking at changes in skin color/texture, fur patterns, or any lumps or bumps can help to detect skin problems or parasites.
8. Mucous Membranes:
Examining the color of the eyes and gums can help indicate anemia, dehydration, organ failure, infection, or other issues.
9. Limb Examination:
Checking for swelling/redness/deformity in the limbs can help detect issues such as arthritis, lameness, or fractures.
10. Neurologic Examination:
Observing coordination and muscle tone while checking reflexes helps to identify neurological disorders such as seizures or paralysis.