1. Understand the WCAG 2.1 Guidelines:
The WCAG 2.1 guidelines cover a wide range of recommendations for making Web content more accessible. These guidelines will make content accessible to people with blindness and low vision, deafness and hearing loss, limited movement, speech disabilities, photosensitivity, and combinations of these disabilities.
2. Use accessible design principles:
When designing Web content, be sure to use principles that make it more accessible for people with different disabilities. Some tips for doing this include using clear and concise text, providing text alternatives for images, and using headings and structure to indicate page hierarchy.
3. Provide text alternatives for images:
Whenever an image is used on a Web page, be sure to provide a text alternative that describes the image’s contents. This will ensure that people who are blind or have low vision can understand what the image is depicting.
4. Use headings and structure to indicate page hierarchy:
Headings and structure can help people with disabilities understand the overall layout of a Web page. By using headings and other HTML elements correctly, you can help people navigate your page more easily.
5. Mark up data tables correctly:
Data tables can be difficult for people with disabilities to use if they are not marked up correctly. By adding table headers, summaries, and other appropriate markups, you can make data tables more accessible for everyone.
6. Make sure links make sense out of context:
When creating links on a Web page, be sure to use meaningful anchor text that accurately describes the destination of the link. This will help people with disabilities understand where they are going when they click on a link.
7. Use ARIA landmarks to identify important sections of a page:
ARIA landmarks can be used to identify important sections of a Web page. These landmarks can help people navigate pages more easily, even if they cannot see the content properly.
8. Control audio and video playback:
Audio and video content can be difficult for some people to access if it is not controlled properly. By using the correct playback controls, you can help everyone access this content without any difficulty.
9. Use fonts that are easy to read:
When choosing fonts for your Web pages, be sure to pick ones that are easy to read for everyone. This will help people with low vision or visual impairments have an easier time reading your content.
10. Avoid flashing or strobing content:
Some people are sensitive to flashing or strobing content, which can cause seizures. If you must use this type of content on your pages, be sure to include a warning and give people the option to turn it off.