1. Make text readable and understandable:
The text on a web page should be easy to read and understand. This includes using clear, concise language, and avoiding jargon and technical terms where possible. Web developers can also use formatting features like headings and lists to make the text easier to read, and add accompanying text descriptions to images to help people understand what they are seeing.
2. Make web pages appear the same way for everyone:
Web pages should be designed so that they look the same for everyone, regardless of their browser or device settings. Developers can use technologies like CSS to control how web pages are displayed, and can test their pages using different browsers and devices to make sure they look correct for everyone.
3. Use easy-to-understand language:
Web developers should use language that is easy for everyone to understand, including people who are not familiar with technology or the internet. This includes avoiding specialist terminology and using simple words and sentences whenever possible.
4. Display images that are described with text:
When possible, web developers should provide text descriptions of all images on their pages. This helps people who are blind or have low vision understand what the image is showing, and can also be helpful for people who are not able to view the image properly due to their browser settings or device type.
5. Provide alternatives for multimedia content:
Multimedia content (like videos and audio files) can be difficult for some people to access, due to factors like hearing or visual impairment. Web developers can provide alternatives for this content by providing captioning or transcripts for videos, and text versions of audio files.
6. Use clear headings and labels:
Headings and labels should be clear and concise, making it easy for people to understand what each section of a web page is about. Developers can use HTML tags to mark up headings and labels correctly, helping browsers and search engines understand the content on a page.
7. Avoid flashing or blinking content:
Flashy or blinking content can be difficult for some people to see or focus on, especially if they have a visual impairment. Developers should avoid using Flash animations or other flashing/blinking elements on their pages whenever possible.
8. Design forms that are easy to use:
Forms can be tricky for some people to fill out, especially if they have difficulties with fine motor skills or cognitive disabilities. Developers should design forms that are easy to use, with clear instructions and labels. They can also use features like autocomplete to help people fill out forms more quickly and easily.
9. Help people navigate your website:
People should be able to easily find their way around your website. This includes providing clear navigation menus, search functions, and breadcrumbs. Developers can also add additional features like skip links to help people with disabilities move around the page more easily.
10. Mark up content properly with HTML tags:
HTML tags are used to structure the content on a web page. Using the correct tags helps browsers and search engines understand the content on a page, and can also make it easier for people with disabilities to access the information.