1. Before Induction of Anesthesia
This step ensures that essential information about the patient and the procedure is confirmed, the surgical team is introduced, and any concerns are addressed before anesthesia is administered.
2. Before Skin Incision
At this point, the surgical team confirms the correct patient, procedure, site, and position. They also check that any necessary imaging or diagnostic tests are available and that the equipment and instruments are ready.
3. Before the Patient Leaves the Operating Room
This step ensures that the surgical team confirms that the procedure is completed as planned, any counts of surgical instruments and materials are correct, and any specimens are labeled correctly.
4. Communication and Teamwork
Throughout the surgical procedure, the surgical team is encouraged to communicate openly and work collaboratively. This step emphasizes the importance of effective communication and teamwork in preventing errors and improving patient outcomes.
5. Safe Anesthesia
This step focuses on ensuring safe administration and monitoring of anesthesia, including appropriate dosages, monitoring of vital signs, and management of any complications.
6. Infection Prevention
The surgical team takes measures to prevent surgical site infections, including proper hand hygiene, use of sterile techniques, and appropriate use of antibiotics.
7. Critical Events
This step focuses on identifying and preparing for potential critical events, such as excessive bleeding or anaphylactic reactions, and ensuring that the team is equipped to handle them.
8. Post-operative Care
After the procedure is completed, the surgical team ensures that appropriate post-operative care is provided, including pain management, wound care, and monitoring for any complications.